WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

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Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)
Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:

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  • Rocky Go
    Rocky GoVor 5 Tage

    I imagine a cessna approaching like Cessna 143 "Cute"

  • Miriam Schmitz
    Miriam SchmitzVor 5 Tage

    There are no German subtitles.. ☹️

  • Neel Shah
    Neel ShahVor 5 Tage

    Glider flies high than procedding aircraft cause wing top vortices created by glider are negligible or can say less than procedding aircraft.

  • thebeaz1
    thebeaz1Vor 6 Tage

    Thank you for that important information.

  • Zinah Awab
    Zinah AwabVor 9 Tage

    Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

  • Daniel Wainaina
    Daniel WainainaVor 14 Tage

    This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

  • Darth vader
    Darth vaderVor 21 Tag

    Subtitles suck shit

  • Don'tSpikeMyDrink


    Vor 5 Tage

    they are not that bad

  • ss ll
    ss llVor 22 Tage

    why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

  • William Edward
    William EdwardVor 28 Tage

    The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

  • DzyMsLizzy
    DzyMsLizzyVor 28 Tage

    Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

  • Marc Bergeron
    Marc BergeronVor Monat

    Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

  • George Reynolds

    George Reynolds

    Vor 20 Tage

    The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

  • George Payazitis
    George PayazitisVor Monat

    They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

  • robert dickson
    robert dicksonVor Monat

    I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

  • 56PapaBear56
    56PapaBear56Vor Monat

    I miss the Concord also

  • Anushree Mohan
    Anushree MohanVor Monat

    Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

  • Denial1984
    Denial1984Vor Monat


  • Aaditya Pratap Singh
    Aaditya Pratap SinghVor Monat

    Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

  • eLem3nT
    eLem3nTVor Monat

    Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

  • Kyle Pifer
    Kyle PiferVor Monat

    When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

  • SharkJawYokel
    SharkJawYokelVor Monat

    I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

    CHIMOYVor Monat

    Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

  • Alphaville86
    Alphaville86Vor Monat

    Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

  • Paul M
    Paul MVor Monat

    Captain? really?

  • Carl
    CarlVor Monat

    Excellent explanation 👍

  • Heidi Coleman
    Heidi ColemanVor Monat

    The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

  • nomebear
    nomebearVor Monat

    Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

  • Jesse James Bell
    Jesse James BellVor Monat

    Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

  • d gronzega
    d gronzegaVor Monat

    Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

  • George Reynolds

    George Reynolds

    Vor 20 Tage

    To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

  • Martin Moore
    Martin MooreVor Monat

    Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

  • Diana Hilburn
    Diana HilburnVor Monat

    I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

  • Gustavo Sanchez
    Gustavo SanchezVor Monat

    What's the word again heavy

  • C Y
    C YVor Monat

    Because Great Scotts! Was taken

  • Para
    ParaVor Monat

    You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

  • McCoy RiDEs
    McCoy RiDEsVor Monat

    its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

  • numbr17
    numbr17Vor Monat

    I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

  • Harry Van Der Meulen
    Harry Van Der MeulenVor Monat

    I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

  • Adrien Pinard
    Adrien PinardVor Monat

    The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

  • Delta Methrin
    Delta MethrinVor Monat

    Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

  • LK
    LKVor Monat

    Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

  • Eduardo Bogosian
    Eduardo BogosianVor Monat

    @8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

  • LPVit
    LPVitVor Monat

    good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

  • BenjWarrant
    BenjWarrantVor Monat

    You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

  • Doug Callahan
    Doug CallahanVor Monat

    depends on the size of the flight attendants

  • Susan Muraguri
    Susan MuraguriVor Monat

    I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?.....lol!

  • Paul Collyer
    Paul CollyerVor Monat

    No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

  • Lunatic Fringe
    Lunatic FringeVor Monat

    Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

  • Vanduir Da Silva
    Vanduir Da SilvaVor Monat

    Very cool information!!!!

  • James Lindsey
    James LindseyVor Monat

    It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

  • Jas B.
    Jas B.Vor Monat

    If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

  • SFC Tapia
    SFC TapiaVor Monat

    When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

  • socalsilver
    socalsilverVor Monat


  • RickySTT
    RickySTTVor Monat

    How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

  • Regular Guy
    Regular GuyVor Monat

    Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

  • pmailkeey
    pmailkeeyVor Monat

    8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

  • pmailkeey
    pmailkeeyVor Monat

    8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

  • thebeaz1
    thebeaz1Vor Monat

    It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

  • tennisbum
    tennisbumVor Monat

    Very concise explanation, well done

  • John Boughton
    John BoughtonVor Monat

    Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

  • Jt Williams
    Jt WilliamsVor Monat

    If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

  • thewargod1995
    thewargod1995Vor Monat

    So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

  • thewargod1995


    Vor Monat

    @Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

  • Mark Taylor

    Mark Taylor

    Vor Monat

    So it’s your first day here, huh?

  • atomflyer44
    atomflyer44Vor Monat

    I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

  • Jim Malley
    Jim MalleyVor Monat

    Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

  • billp4
    billp4Vor Monat

    cause it sounds cool?

  • Belkys
    BelkysVor Monat

    BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .


    You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

  • David Moutardier
    David MoutardierVor Monat

    Thanks for the information. Excellent!

  • XxMidnightToker420xX
    XxMidnightToker420xXVor Monat

    I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

  • Ben Klassen
    Ben KlassenVor Monat

    I learned something. Thanks.

  • Minor Issue
    Minor IssueVor Monat

    Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

  • Steve Guest
    Steve GuestVor Monat

    That’s great Info very interesting

  • Robert B
    Robert BVor Monat

    “God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

  • Alec Mayo
    Alec MayoVor Monat

    Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

  • :l
    :lVor Monat

    7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

  • Bruno Tulliani
    Bruno TullianiVor Monat

    My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

  • Cheick Diarra
    Cheick DiarraVor Monat

    this is so cool

  • Communism is Evil
    Communism is EvilVor Monat

    Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

  • mickd6942
    mickd6942Vor Monat

    Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

  • Martin Espinosa
    Martin EspinosaVor Monat

    I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

  • Terry Burke
    Terry BurkeVor Monat

    hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

  • Rushin' Truckin'
    Rushin' Truckin'Vor Monat

    This was fascinating! Had no idea but makes sense.

  • Kleur van de Ogen
    Kleur van de OgenVor Monat

    Boeing 747 is "Heavy" Airbus A380 is "Super".......

  • Niteen Mehendale
    Niteen MehendaleVor Monat

    Thanks, I've always wondered what "heavy" signified

  • Valerie DeMello
    Valerie DeMelloVor Monat

    Always wondered about the "heavy ", thank you for taking the time.

  • thebeaz1


    Vor Monat

    all 3 seconds........

  • Mark Rossow
    Mark RossowVor Monat

    so yes are nails in wood houses slowly shaken loose if in a flight path ?

  • Nu Pagadii
    Nu PagadiiVor Monat

    Cuman in time 2:14 U have traditional PZL-104 Wilga/Gull.... NOT some ultra light plane....

  • bllourias
    bllouriasVor Monat

    ...and that is the reason there is so much empty and cleared fields around airports. Now, I know

  • Mingchen Zhang
    Mingchen ZhangVor Monat

    An-225 *SUPER HEAVY*

  • Kleur van de Ogen

    Kleur van de Ogen

    Vor Monat

    AN 225 is "Super"......

  • Edin Fifić
    Edin FifićVor Monat

    Sort of like the wake a (speedy) boat leaves behind on water.

  • Richard Joe-Leonn
    Richard Joe-LeonnVor Monat

    I’ve always wondered what heavy meant for thanks

  • Bill Dillon
    Bill DillonVor Monat

    And geese and ducks have figured this out without a slide rule.

  • Doug B
    Doug BVor Monat

    Blasted out of the video by an ad.

  • eM Pe
    eM PeVor Monat

    What? I tend to listen to atc transmissions nearby and never heard heavy... isn't it reserved to the busiest airports? Also I heard speedbird callsign from the USA airports usually...

  • D F
    D FVor Monat

    I was in a small plane as a passenger once that hit wake turbulence. The plane rolled 45 degrees right then quickly rolled 45 degrees left before leveling. I didn’t realize what happened at the time but the panic in the pilot’s voice certainly didn’t help 😂

  • Gozar 111
    Gozar 111Vor Monat

    I still remember when we could fly to places.

  • Jopflah
    JopflahVor Monat

    Wake turbulence caused the crash of small jet at John Wayne airport in Southern California killing top executives of the In-N- Out Burgher chain. This happened several years ago.

  • Joshua Brown
    Joshua BrownVor Monat

    "lined up like pearls on a necklace." I want to be sure ARTCCs get credit for that too 😉. TRACON may take credit but they merely fine tuned what center did, believe me! But I know what you meant, haha

  • Alucard
    AlucardVor Monat

    They really are fat shaming the concorde

  • Jamie Milsom
    Jamie MilsomVor Monat

    Hi Tom you won’t read this but if anyone else can answer the question it would be great. Why do fighter planes or stunt shows like the red arrows not get affected by the wake from the other aircrafts in front as the fly all most touching

  • 858Bill
    858BillVor Monat

    A little late to the party here....but does aircraft design play a factor in the trailing plane? For example....can a fighter jet "tolerate" wake turbulence better than a more standard aircraft....thereby having the ability to fly closer? Also.....is the turbulence different between jet and prop aircraft of similar size....or is a faster plane different from a slower one?

  • Florida Outdoor Adventures
    Florida Outdoor AdventuresVor Monat

    So basically, he is talking about invisible waves! lol... Better to ride my boat than the plane -:)