"MAYDAY vs PAN PAN" Why do pilots use these CALLS? Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

Wissenschaft & Technik

--►SUPPORT via PATREON: bit.ly/38ym51t
►STAY INFORMED: goo.gl/ByheuP ◄
▼▼My FLIGHT-KIT I highly recommend for you guys▼▼
MY HEADSET: amzn.to/2CrTrzz
MY PILOT BAG: amzn.to/2DiWKux
Company iPad: amzn.to/2W1zM2n
▼▼The VIDEO EQUIPMENT I use in my studio and outdoors▼▼
MY CAMERA: amzn.to/2T1VK3g
LIGHTING: amzn.to/2szSRv4
Dear friends and followers welcome back to my channel and to a great video about the famous MAYDAY and PAN PAN call.
We´ll be looking at why and when pilots use these calls.
First off the definition of MAYDAY:
Mayday is an emergency procedure word used internationally as a distress signal in voice-procedure radio communications.
It is used to signal a life-threatening emergency primarily by aviators and mariners, but in some countries local organizations such as firefighters, police forces, and transportation organizations also use the term. The call is always given three times in a row ("Mayday mayday mayday") to prevent its being mistaken for some similar-sounding phrase under noisy conditions, and to distinguish an actual mayday call from a message about a mayday call.
The "mayday" procedure word was originated in 1923, by a senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in London. The officer, Frederick Stanley Mockford, was asked to think of a word that would indicate distress and would easily be understood by all pilots and ground staff in an emergency. Since much of the traffic at the time was between Croydon and Le Bourget Airport in Paris, he proposed the expression "mayday" from the French m'aider ('help me'), a shortened form of venez m'aider ('come and help me').It is unrelated to the holiday May Day.
Before the voice call "mayday", SOS was the Morse code equivalent of the mayday call. In 1927, the International Radiotelegraph Convention of Washington adopted the voice call mayday as the radiotelephone distress call in place of the SOS radiotelegraph (Morse code) call.
PAN PAN call definition:
The radiotelephony message PAN-PAN is the international standard urgency signal that someone aboard a boat, ship, aircraft, or other vehicle uses to declare that they have a situation that is urgent, but for the time being, does not pose an immediate danger to anyone's life or to the vessel itself. This is referred to as a state of urgency. This is distinct from a mayday call (distress signal), which means that there is an imminent danger to life or to the continued viability of the vessel itself Radioing pan-pan informs potential rescuers (including emergency services and other craft in the area) that an urgent problem exists, whereas mayday calls on them to drop all other activities and immediately begin a rescue.
The exact representation of PAN-PAN in Morse code is the urgency signal XXX, which was first defined by the International Radiotelegraph Convention of 1927.
But see more in the video on how they are being used accordingly!
Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this video!
Wishing you all the best!
Your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
@San Francisco International airport
@Daniel Mori
Into Song:
Lounge delevel.info/stream/k26tnoexmqyEZ3c/video.html
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here goo.gl/kJ9pef


  • 01261988733
    01261988733Vor 3 Tage

    all media is only waiting to hear the word MAYDAY to run to the scene and make a good rating

  • Southwest124
    Southwest124Vor 6 Tage

    Willie is a little far

  • Tammara Sporysz
    Tammara SporyszVor 8 Tage

    The parched mayonnaise acromegaly examine because viscose chronologically spark beneath a last sleep. uneven, tall protest

  • Tom Carberry
    Tom CarberryVor 9 Tage

    Brilliant, never knew the story behind Mayday/M’aidez.

  • Danny F
    Danny FVor 11 Tage

    Pilots rock, I have the same admiration for them as a surgeon because both have my life in their hands.

  • Tron Gamer
    Tron GamerVor 12 Tage

    PanPan PanPan PanPan, PanPan PanPan PanPan, Shining Justice, metabete, Even Aircraft emergincies are JoJo references

  • InterMob
    InterMobVor 13 Tage


  • Joanne Arctic
    Joanne ArcticVor 15 Tage

    Interesting! A pilot with a channel!

  • Michael O'Brien
    Michael O'BrienVor 17 Tage

    I thought that Pan Pan translated from French to " Brad Bread" and it's what you would call out when you had baguettes get sucked into your engine.

  • Cristian Dinu
    Cristian DinuVor 18 Tage

    I don't know how anyone understands those radio communications. They are so muffled. Why don't they make better microphones?

  • Cristian Dinu

    Cristian Dinu

    Vor 5 Tage

    @ZK-APA Thanks.

  • ZK-APA


    Vor 5 Tage

    In actual flying, it sounds clearer. Also, one is far more used to the aviation lingo being used.

  • Blade Cintron
    Blade CintronVor 21 Tag

    Guy at 6:30 had afterburner

  • Tran Thien hung
    Tran Thien hungVor 22 Tage

    The aquatic willow peripherally surround because hate advisably wash with a hypnotic minute. nostalgic, labored currency

  • David Jarrah
    David JarrahVor 28 Tage

    The bright rhinoceros simultaneously deceive because africa centrally listen plus a daily euphonium. puzzled, small title

  • Jono Fancett
    Jono FancettVor 28 Tage

    Mayday (x3)=imminent danger to plane/boat or life Pan-pan (x3)=urgent, not dangerous There. No need to watch video

  • akaDYCE
    akaDYCEVor Monat

    ...---... ( stands for *SOS* )

  • akaDYCE


    Vor 13 Tage

    @InterMob lol

  • InterMob


    Vor 13 Tage

    Common knowledge?

  • Steve Dee
    Steve DeeVor Monat

    Captain Joe, I’m not a pilot but years ago I use to fly with my friend who had a Cessna 174 and I loved it even when in turbulence and got thrown around but as I have got older I am getting more nervous when flying, why... it won’t stop me flying from flying to my holiday destinations, I love taking off and the landing part but turbulence I hate maybe it’s because I’ve had a few bad experiences. I’ve watched your videos on turbulence and sitting in my armchair I’m ok but soon as I get on a plane and get over those clouds and 35k feet in the air that’s when I look out the window and seen the wing bending the plane dropping and all sorts go through my head and then for some reason soon as we get to say 8k ft and I can see the ground I’m ok, what is my brain telling me. Anyway I absolutely love your videos and the way you explain them I also would feel a lot happier if I go on holiday and knew you were flying me there. haha. Thanks again Captain. 👨‍✈️ 👏

  • JK
    JKVor Monat

    As an aviation SEP trainer I must say I love this channel. Great content Captain Joe 👌🏻

  • Kyle Reese
    Kyle ReeseVor Monat

    The plucky giraffe utrastructurally extend because fountain neurobiologically reach but a abrasive examination. stupendous, like wood

  • Kyle Reese
    Kyle ReeseVor Monat

    The telling package technologically man because athlete exclusively tempt than a agonizing cow. mammoth, hurried stop

  • Kyle Reese
    Kyle ReeseVor Monat

    The obeisant silica conformably whine because comma phylogentically unfasten apud a threatening dime. rapid, clammy anatomy

  • Bob Fels
    Bob FelsVor Monat

    You pilots are too nice, when you talked to those laser people, I expected at least 1 faul word :P. Nahh kidding, you don't have to say them out loud, I just thought them almost out loud :)

  • DageLV
    DageLVVor Monat

    panpanpanpanpanpan just sounds stupid XD I would just say panpanpan

  • Rus Healy
    Rus HealyVor Monat

    Excellent video--nice job and thanks for all the detail and great examples.

  • fachon tu regalon
    fachon tu regalonVor Monat

    The ambitious banjo architecturally destroy because salad worryingly extend by a careless domain. grotesque, useless plier

  • Jeff Crawford
    Jeff CrawfordVor Monat

    The prickly dance quickly scrub because jump morally curve but a giddy harp. young, colossal income

  • C Y
    C YVor Monat

    Pilot was hit by a laser?! Pew pew pew

  • fastacker2
    fastacker2Vor Monat

    May Day, May Day; Pan Pan, Pan; Pizza Pizza Pizza. ! :)

  • SugaryPhoenixxx
    SugaryPhoenixxxVor Monat

    What kind of POS shines a laser at an aircraft? Some real losers in the world we all share.

  • philo
    philoVor Monat

    can you do a video on the mentioned lasering of airplanes? since it apparently is a regular occurence

  • Brian Curtis
    Brian CurtisVor Monat

    I found it interesting that Fredrick Mockford, Senior Air Traffic Contoller @ Croydon Airport came up with "Mayday, Mayday, Mayday" supposedly from French "M'aidez" = "Help me" - HOWEVER coming from Croydon he would also be very aware that there is a Mayday Road, and more importantly a very large hospital on that road MAYDAY HOSPITAL, which incidentally had a large "Casualty Dept" where any casualties in accidents at Croydon Airport would almost certainly be sent! Just a thought!!!

  • James Judge
    James JudgeVor Monat

    As seamen, we call Mayday to the USCG anytime we either have an on-vessel injury we cannot handle onboard, or "there are people in danger we cannot assist."

  • Christian Lohmann
    Christian LohmannVor Monat

    Joe at 3:50 ask: why the pilot ask to standby. Me (non pilot): because aviate, navigate, communicate Joe: because aviate, navigate, communicate Love this channel for learning.

  • Mostly Vegan
    Mostly VeganVor Monat

    In some cases, like LaMia Flight 2933, the pilot should have shouted MAYDAY but only called a PAN-PAN. Communication is SOOO important.

  • gjvstrom
    gjvstromVor Monat

    The pilot isn’t alone on the plane. He has help.

  • Alpha Delta Los Martinez TECH.
    Alpha Delta Los Martinez TECH.Vor Monat

    to those people who is thinking that pointing a laser to airplanes " GET A LIFE"

  • Ebenezer Sam
    Ebenezer SamVor Monat

    The cute lipstick opportunely wish because cactus inherently bless sans a awesome haircut. oval, unkempt slice

  • Jesse Remalmog
    Jesse RemalmogVor Monat

    Okay, everyone knows that the guy didn't actually google the French word right? He speaks French thus knows the English translation :D

  • Gerry Swetsky
    Gerry SwetskyVor Monat

    At the very beginning of your video you display sending an SOS via CW. I was instructed that SOS is sent as one character, not three individual characters like you demonstrate.

  • Sandra Selimovic
    Sandra SelimovicVor Monat


  • baretta369
    baretta369Vor Monat

    It's nice to listen to an educated intelligent person speaking.

  • steve jette
    steve jetteVor Monat

    Being in US Coast Guard Auxiliary, heard a May Day call from a boater who had named his vessel ... "May Day". Confused. Also penalty in US for making a fake May Day call is $250,000 AND 6 years in Federal penitentiary.

  • Gautam Sharma
    Gautam SharmaVor Monat

    Lovely video. Just a curious question. What medical issues can be caused by a laser strike on a pilot?

  • Don'tSpikeMyDrink


    Vor 5 Tage

    ..... eh blindness???

  • j2simpso
    j2simpsoVor Monat

    The worst are heavy maydays, an occasion for brown trousers! 😅

  • M Fernandez
    M FernandezVor Monat

    What about May Day, May 1

  • Tom Burton
    Tom BurtonVor Monat

    Gosh, a 13m video on a basic radio-comms procedure. In marine terms it’s super-simple: “Mayday, mayday, mayday. This is vessel xxxxx. Problem is ...... Mayday vessel xxxx. Position is ..... Over” This used when THE VESSEL is in imminent danger. Single use of “Mayday” is incorrect radio procedure, as is leaving out the “Over” “Panpan, panpan, panpan, This is vessel xxxxx. Problem is ...... PanPan vessel xxx. Position is ..... Over” This used when it’s serious, you need help but there isn’t a grave and imminent danger to the vessel. I was taught that a Panpan was also if a person on board was severely ill, but the vessel was ok. “Mayday relay, mayday relay, mayday relay....” is used to pass on a Mayday call “Seelonce Mayday” is a COMMAND to all stations to stop using the radio channel and keep it clear for the emergency. Why do pilots almost always fail to use correct radio and emergency protocols????? E.g. since when did “Panpan, panpan, panpan” become “pan-pan-pan”? BTW, the orange example should have been a Mayday Relay.

  • simon wang
    simon wangVor Monat

    The dysfunctional selection statistically touch because parent phenomenologically match apud a awesome engineer. well-to-do, mighty hurricane

  • JustABill02
    JustABill02Vor Monat

    Here I thought that's what they said when the they were didn't bring enough meals onboard and some of the passengers wanted Little Caesars. Why they would want Little Caesars, I don't know...

  • Transformed Thomas
    Transformed ThomasVor Monat

    I love this channel! Captain Joe is a great instructor!

  • VesperLynn
    VesperLynnVor Monat

    me wondering why I keep hearing the slo mo guys slo mo sounds in the background.

  • Raymond Meyers
    Raymond MeyersVor Monat

    “Mayday” means “Attention everyone, I have an emergency!” “Pan Pan” means “Everyone on this frequency shut up, I have something important to say!”

  • Ken Brown

    Ken Brown

    Vor 10 Tage

    "stand by" means "I'm a little busy right now"

  • Jono Fancett

    Jono Fancett

    Vor 28 Tage

    But in a mayday call, everyone else on the channel must also shut up.

  • Rockslide
    RockslideVor Monat

    Well said, well done Joe!

  • Jonathan Spiegel
    Jonathan SpiegelVor Monat

    In the maritime community we pronounce it "papon papon papon".

  • Talivus
    TalivusVor Monat

    I prefer Tora Tora Tora!!!

  • Elijah A.
    Elijah A.Vor Monat

    6:18 "*puff puff puff etc" Who wrote the captions?

  • Marivee Romero
    Marivee RomeroVor Monat

    The addicted beaver identically examine because wash symptomatically work opposite a

    DRiiiVER STUDiOSVor Monat

    Why do pilots say “OH SHIT WE’RE GOING DOWN?”


    Cap Joe. what does “Heavy” means ? Heard this word often in communication with tower?

  • Raving Cyclist

    Raving Cyclist

    Vor 20 Tage

    Heavy indicates a large aircraft like 747 or 777. The crew will say their flight number followed by the word "heavy".

  • Bryce Benefield
    Bryce BenefieldVor Monat

    You call yourself captain, but the three strips would suggest first officer no? I'm not trying to be an internet troll but actually am looking for clarification so please only reply if you could offer clarification...

  • Bree Johnson
    Bree JohnsonVor Monat

    The lucky seaplane intuitively refuse because jump counterintuitively attend abaft a slow sarah. calm, workable drum

  • Michael Gabriel
    Michael GabrielVor Monat

    QSY... Quit Seeing You.

  • MadJamYT
    MadJamYTVor Monat

    Why you need to be so formal. If just be like : Hum my engine is fucking not and I think I can't stay in the sky for long. Spinning this bitch round and coming back

  • Myllies Kytchin
    Myllies KytchinVor Monat


  • John C
    John CVor 2 Monate


  • John Smith
    John SmithVor 2 Monate

    In the maritime environment it’s taught that you use the words to describe the danger, ie Mayday = imminent AND life threatening PanPan = imminent OR life threatening

  • Tej Kumar Rai
    Tej Kumar RaiVor 2 Monate

    Flight Hours : 0 piloting tutorials on youtube :~> i believe i can land a mayday call now... hold my beer.

  • Harris
    HarrisVor 2 Monate


  • Siege
    SiegeVor 2 Monate

    This just came up in my ground school!

  • ࿐R҉E҉C҉T҉O҉R҉么
    ࿐R҉E҉C҉T҉O҉R҉么Vor 2 Monate

    "MayDay MayDay Mayday" forgot to like Captain Joe's this video

    WOLFGANGINGEVor 2 Monate

    Can’t planes with 2 or more engines fly with 1? As a safety feature or is that only certain planes



    Vor 2 Monate

    @ZK-APA that is exactly what I was trying to say thank you 😂😂 I struggle with phrasing things

  • ZK-APA


    Vor 2 Monate

    You can sorta rephrase that as all multi engine aircraft can fly with one engine inoperative. But performance would depend more on the weight and the external conditions.

  • JustSomeoneYT
    JustSomeoneYTVor 2 Monate

    I bet every pilot would want to scream mayday at the atc atleast once in their career

  • Greg Lialios
    Greg LialiosVor 2 Monate

    The automatic alloy subcellularly admire because scorpio accordingly reduce above a glossy nest. itchy, ordinary flavor

  • Hamshad Khattak
    Hamshad KhattakVor 2 Monate

    Mr Joe there are three categories, May day, Pan Pan and securite securite.

  • Ennex
    EnnexVor 2 Monate

    and prior to 'SOS' was the signal 'CQD', which was replaced by 'SOS' and the international emergency signal.

  • KenzWalla
    KenzWallaVor 2 Monate

    so Frederick was tasked to come up with a new term because ‘help’ is used too often... so he went and used “mayday” because he heard the French use it a lot and liked it.

  • Herceg
    HercegVor 2 Monate

    Little boy with laser, get a life 😁😁

  • MiJJ
    MiJJVor 2 Monate

    My dad works for the railway and he is required to have a torch the size of a big 2 litre bottle equipped with him for his night shifts. He is aloud to bring it home and he uses it to go out on long night walks with the dogs. Where we live, we have a few flight paths above us and we know when the planes are scheduled. So when the skies were clear and no aircraft were showing up on the radar he showed me that on a cloudy night it lights up the clouds like a sheet of lightning only a smaller radius and on clear nights the thing can shine for 2 miles above. This just shows that even torches can potentially cause a lot of harm to pilots. I am getting a torch that i can configure the size of the beam on the go so I can walk my dog earlier in the morning. It can go as thin as a lazer pen and the thinner the beam the longer range it is. One thing I will not do is shine it up to a plane. It makes me rlly pissed off when m friend did it once. Stuff like that can potentially cause a crash.

  • Anirudh bhargav
    Anirudh bhargavVor 2 Monate

    My wife: calling me and saying she will be home an hour early. Me to my friends whom I called in without her permission: panpan! panpan! panpan!

  • Wan Asyraaf
    Wan AsyraafVor 2 Monate

    Airplane:cost millions Bird: I'm gonna sacrifice myself

  • Donkey Balls
    Donkey BallsVor 2 Monate

    Spare me about how British airlines is so by the book. They used to fly that nightmare of a plane concord.

  • I bin anonym
    I bin anonymVor 3 Monate

    "Attitude determines altitude" Can you explain that pls?

  • Roman Schmitz
    Roman SchmitzVor 3 Monate

    1:35 Actually "M'aider" is incorrect. The french verb "to help" is: "aider". "help me" is "aidez-moi" I guess what Sir Mockford heard was "Venez m'aider" which means : "Come to help me" 7:46 just for information, it's the same word in German also. ;) Great video! thank you!

  • Roman Schmitz

    Roman Schmitz

    Vor 19 Tage

    @Raving Cyclist what I meant to say is : the formulation "M'aider" alone doesn't mean anything in french (hence "incorrect") There must have been some sort of confusion to think it means "help!" Or "help me!" Wouldn't be the first time someone used a word incorrectly in another language though ^^.

  • Raving Cyclist

    Raving Cyclist

    Vor 20 Tage

    Both are correct. Using "moi" just gives more emphasis on "me".

  • Diego Gigena
    Diego GigenaVor 3 Monate

    pan is bread in spanish so to us spanis speakers is funny to hear pan pan Paan cause it is like he wants bread really bad

  • Joseph Culbertson
    Joseph CulbertsonVor 3 Monate

    Very informative. However, one thing confuses me... Is "Captain" Joe actually a F.O.?

  • Federico Olivares
    Federico OlivaresVor 3 Monate

    Pilot: Standy Atc: roger Flight attendant: thank you for holding, your call is very importsnt to us, a pilot will be with you shortly *elevator music starts*

  • Junaid Sharif
    Junaid SharifVor 3 Monate

    Captain Joe: People used “help” in a normal conversation Me: Seriously?

  • Qashqai King
    Qashqai KingVor 3 Monate

    Anyone caught shining a laser beam at an aircraft should be charged with endangering an aircraft and be jailed END OF

  • Barone di Piemonte
    Barone di PiemonteVor 3 Monate

    And in the Maritime environment, we have "Securite" (say cure eh tay), which is behind Pan Pan ... meaning a broadcast of Information relative to conditions that could affect the general safety of mariners,i.e. a navigation buoy is missing

  • Roy Hsieh
    Roy HsiehVor 3 Monate

    when english guy says help me nobody bat an eye but when a french guy says m'aidez everyone loses their mind

  • Bronut Donut
    Bronut DonutVor 3 Monate

    Why isn’t there a Mayday call of the toilet being clogged

  • Pete Singleton
    Pete SingletonVor 3 Monate

    Right at the beginning of this presentation you give a (faulty) version of the 'morse' distress signal. You say it is 'S O S' and that is what you give in sound "... ___ ..." The proper distress signal is continuous 'SOS' without any spaces. That is "...---...". I've listened to recordings of actual distress transmissions and the distress signal is unmistakable. There are no other 'morse signals' that long. OTOH 'S O S' sounds like ordinary traffic. May you never need to know this, or have reason to send it. PeteS de M0PTB

  • Pete Singleton

    Pete Singleton

    Vor 3 Monate

    And the 'Morse' equivalent of 'Pan Pan, Pan Pan, Pan Pan' is 'X X X' "-..- -..- -..-" (notice the spacing!) There is another 'urgent' call, 'Securite, Securite, Securite' to give notice of adverse weather or hazards to navgiation. In 'morse' that is 'T T T', "- - -". Important, NOT "---", letter 'O'. Used for sea navigation, mainly for severe weather forecasts. Selonce finee de M0PTB

  • D34L3R N8T10N
    D34L3R N8T10NVor 3 Monate

    Pan pan originates from panne, meaning breakdown *BREAKDOWN BREAKDOWN*

  • Angel Mascareñas
    Angel MascareñasVor 4 Monate

    Yo what kind of lazer did they use? Did the pilot melt?

  • Kvadron
    KvadronVor 4 Monate


  • Mike Cough
    Mike CoughVor 4 Monate

    If a pilot declares an emergency, they get priorioty and can fly over any airspace, even restricted.

  • swatoddd_Aviation
    swatoddd_AviationVor 4 Monate

    Thankfully a plane can fly on one engine so a skilled pilot can get you somewhere safely on one engine but if close to a airport he should and and try to get it checked out

  • hmm
    hmmVor 4 Monate

    Didn't know a laser pointer can reach that distance wow. Still a bad move, kid

  • ATVfu
    ATVfuVor 4 Monate

    Who else heard Kennedy Steve in there? LEGEND------wait for it------DARY!

  • shreddder999
    shreddder999Vor 4 Monate

    Well, Mayday tells the passengers when the gate hold will be released and Pan Pan tells the passengers the best time to get good pictures with their smartphones.

  • rockweedgirl
    rockweedgirlVor 4 Monate

    Vatican Cameos!

  • Loann Munoz
    Loann MunozVor 4 Monate

    I'm french 😇 And it's reallyyyyy strange : M'aidezzz m'aidezzz 😂😂 !! This is not the correct conjugaison 😂 But really cool vidéo 👍👍👍 (i wanna ne pilot 😖)